If you are arrested for a first DUI in Alabama you will be subject to both administrative (license suspension) and criminal (jail, fines, etc.) penalties. The assessment of penalties is case-specific -- that is, various circumstances such as the amount of damage, injury, speed or other other factors will influence the penalties. Unlike many states, Alabama does not explicitly mandate enhanced penalties in light of elevated BAC (blood alcohol content) at time of arrest.
Arrest carries mandatory license suspension of 90 days. Hearing concerning impending license suspension must be requested within ten (10) days following arrest with Alabama Department of Public Safety
Refusal to submit, if applicable to a given DUI case, carries a mandatory license suspension of 90 days for first offense.
Courts can mandate alcohol or substance abuse assessment, treatment, or screening.
Vehicle confiscation and ignition interlock devices do not occur in first offense convictions.
First offense is a misdemeanor and carries a maximum sentence of one (1) year of incarceration, with no minimum period mandated. Most cases are resolved without further incarceration, after the initial arrest and booking.
Fines applicable in first offense range from $600 to $1200, plus fines and fees incurred in completing any alternative sentence arrangement.
Convictions remain on a person's record for five (5) years and may be used to influence sentencing for subsequent DUI convictions.